A spacecraft is a vehicle or device designed to travel or work outside the Earth’s atmosphere because a satellite is an object orbiting the earth, the moon, or another celestial body.
- It uses the dynamic reaction of air moving to the wing to generate lift.
- The thrust generated using an air-breathing engine that burns a combination of oxygen and fuel in the air.
- They controlled using wind-deflected blade surfaces to generate rotational forces.
- Maintain stability by the shape of their fuselage and wings, which resist tumbling or displacing forces using the force of the oncoming wind.
- It does not generate lift and must be pushed into space.
- Use the on-board chemical rocket and oxygen to generate thrust.
- Controlled by jet thrusters, small thrusters positioned at various points on the hull to generate rotational forces in a cosmic vacuum.
- Use these jet thrusters to maintain and improve stability with computers and sensors, or just pilot input.
In short, we take advantage of the fact that planes move through large amounts of air in every way possible.
The most important component is air specifically oxygen. Respiratory aircraft use atmospheric oxygen to support combustion and are therefore limited to atmospheric flight, limiting flight altitude.
Spaceships are not air breathers. Since they are outside the Earth’s atmosphere, they must carry liquid oxygen to support combustion or use propulsion mechanisms and fuels that do not require oxygen for ignition and combustion (peroxidation as part of a chemical reaction). It depends on oxidants like hydrogen).